Who Is Working Full Time?
It’s a regular question. How many hours do you have to work as an employee full time employee? Unfortunately, the answer depends on the situation. Also, full-time employment is a period. So, depending on the actual and legal content used, each has different definitions.
In our labor law worldwide, the Working Time is defined as the time spent by the worker at the time of his employment. When we look at the legal regulation of working times, we see this. It is based on the idea of protecting the weak worker against the employer. Thus, it is seen that limits are set for working hours.
Full-time employees designated by the employer
In many cases where full-time questions are asked, an employer would like to know. He / she wants to know his / her responsibilities in matters such as health insurance, leave period, sick leave or pension. In general, employers only offer such benefits to full-time employees.
In most cases, the definition of the full-time employee is determined at the discretion of the employer. For this reason, an employer has to say that an employee must work for at least 32 hours a week in order to be a full-time employee.
Employers often do not provide employees with pensions, paid leave, sickness, holidays or personal leave or similar benefits (see US DOL: Wage and Time FAQ). For this reason, when employers choose to provide such side benefits. Because, they choose how many hours a employee should work within a week or within a certain period of time in order to benefit from these benefits. In addition, employers (full-time) benefit more from employees. So, they can also set different time thresholds for different benefit levels that provide partial benefit to (part-time) employees.
Full-time employees, legislation and minimum working hours
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and similar state laws have established a general definition. It is accepted that a full-time employee is a 40-hour worker a week. So, employers voluntarily shift the concept of full-time employment to overtime targets. It shifts to a threshold of less than 40 hours per week for compliance with FLSA.
The Family and Medical Permit Act (FMLA) forces employers with 50 years or more employees to do so. Also, employees must give up to 12 weeks free of charge for serious health conditions. To qualify for FMLA permission, this is required. An employee must have worked for the employer for at least 1,250 hours during the 12 months prior to the start of the FMLA permit. So, this 1,250-hour annual requirement is about 24 hours per week.
In contrast to FMLA, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Obamacare, uses the term (full-time employee) to distinguish those with and without coverage. That is, in accordance with the Appropriate Care Act, a full-time employee is defined as a worker working on average 30 or more hours per week.