Various Aspects of Working Life in USA
The law applicable to all aspects of working life (recruitment, promotion, performance appraisal, compensation and supplementary benefits, etc.) is Article 7 of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. According to this article, the right to not be discriminated against by gender, age, race or religion has been guaranteed by law. State and local governments have their own regulations that overlap federal laws, and in some states it is forbidden to distinguish between different causes. Claims against employers go to the Equal Rights Commission (EEOC) and can be sued in federal court without an agreement.
There are still legal regulations in the field of unfair dismissal. For example, in some courts, a letter from the employer suggesting a job or a staff guide to a company has been regarded as a legal agreement, making it difficult to recruit staff. Again, because of not performing dangerous or illegal duties, the recruited staff sued their employers. It was also the cause of the lawsuits to say words that lead to emotional distress while a person is out of the business.
It is impossible to tell exactly how USA full time hours companies work here. This is a very long story and many experts have addressed this issue. Generalizations can be made as usual, but this should be taken very seriously: something that is valid in the east may be totally wrong in the west.
The ethics of the USA have developed very professionally and the business is very serious in USA. Holidays are less and less frequent than they are in Europe, and sacrificing on weekends is a common occurrence if there is work to be done. Good time is very important. If you are five minutes late for a meeting, you must apologize, if you will be delayed by fifteen minutes, you must telephone in advance and give a good excuse. USA full time hours companies are renowned for their rapid success and quick success: “long term” means three years later. This is also attributed to the fact that some sectors are lagging behind the Japanese and Germans who are thinking longer term. You work hard and you are expected to get little permission. Smoking is prohibited in the workplace and “smoke stops” are common. At meetings, you will see that the USA are more aggressive and skinny than you are used to. Well-prepared presentations supported by concrete evidence are also very influential.
USA are renowned for their casual attitudes as well as for their professional ethics punishing people. People call each other by their names and talk business at golf matches is also common. The informal image can be deceptive: business meetings are held at breakfast, lunch or dinner; entertainment is wanted in matches; Cocktails and dinner parties held at the homes of colleagues can be a serious goal in business.
Another sport that is increasingly popular is Friday. Some big companies have decided on Friday that if the employees wear more comfortable clothes, the productivity will increase. This, of course, has its own rules: if you are working in Chase Manhattan, you need to think more than wearing a suit and wearing a tie to wear comfortably. Sports t-shirts, trousers and sports shoes are considered comfortable uniforms.
Those interested in USA full time hours professional ethics have said that companies have three working styles. Provincial governance is a clear order and detailed regulations are required. The first question for a new employee is “Who are I responsible for?” Secondly, the staff need continuous evaluation of their work (continuous evaluation is an integral part of the grading system in schools) and thirdly they are expected to be closely monitored. If your employees are USA, do not expect them to behave like: if you need to warn someone for a reason, consult an USA colleague first.
USA companies have success programs and often rewards. Financial success is very valuable and rewarded.
A study of Fortune 500 among company executives has revealed what contributes to the success of the company. Most importantly, they need to know that they have to set up their own careers and see the company’s success as a tool for personal success, not as a goal. They have also internalized all major USA values: they are all utilitarian, secure and equitable.
About 30 million people in working age in the US – do not work for more than one sixth of an employer or an office. Tele-elements (or techno-slaves) are members of a crowded army who have benefited from personal computers and set up offices in their homes. There are two types of tele – working people: working for many people at home – for example, a freelance journalist or plumber – and working for a single company, but working from home instead of going to office every day. Most companies are happy with their employees working from home – that means fewer people are traveling around and happy workers are more productive. Working from home can be very attractive. You do not need to wear suit or get rid of public transport. You can start and stop when you want to work, and you can say goodbye to back-office and office policies that are part of your business life. But beware – most people find it boring and lonely to work from home. It may be tempting to walk away from the six-night nine o’clock evening, but it can be hard to get away from your room while your computer is in the room next to your bedroom. One of the greatest advantages of going to the office is that you can divide work from the rest of your life, and the tele staff can see that they want to get rid of their chains and bring them home.
For more information on working from home and the concept of “SoHo” (small office / home office), WorkimgSolo Inc. at www.workingsolo.com can look at the Internet page for news, information and support for small businesses.
Employed Women And Sexual Harassment
Women working in USA companies have similar problems with women working in other countries. Discussions take place in the glass ceiling issues that prevent sexual harassment and the rise of women. Political accuracy (“PC”) area should be considered as a mine field. The most important thing to remember is that the USA full time hours society is a society that is very hungry and court proceedings would be in a shorter time because of the problems in United States. Women should pay attention to the tensions between women and men in a company and should take clues from their female colleagues. Men should pay attention to what they do and what they say. Something that can be considered a joke in Istanbul can be seen as the most serious political-sexual crime in Los Angeles.
The place where this problem is most complicated is the universities. Most male academics are seriously concerned about the PC line and its consequences: recently a male professor in New Hampshire was fired from a job by a professor class (harmless). This event is very similar to the Oleanna name game, in which David Mamet’s overly ambitious female student ruined the life of an academic.
However, we need to see that these discussions are not limited to universities. Although many companies do not fully define the rules, they contain warnings about behaviors that may “create a hostile and threatening environment.” Commentators in this regard have said that being accused of such behavior can leave the same stigma as being accused of immoral behavior.
Fares in the United States are higher than in Canada and Europe, and USA spend more time at work, but the side pay is higher. As in USA between the different professions and the public and private sectors are very inequality. It would be pointless to look at the national average without looking at the different fields. The average salaries of executives of catering companies are $ 32,000, while the average salary of high school managers is $ 80,000 and a university dean can earn up to $ 200,000. The average price of an IT specialist is $ 88,000, but the accountant earns $ 46,000. The starting salaries of new graduates depend on many factors, such as the profession and qualifications they start. A new graduate from California State University’s social work department earns an average of $ 17,350, but computer engineering graduates start at $ 55,000.
The Federal minimum wage was laid down by the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act. This legislation was last amended in 1997 and the minimum wage was $ 5.15 per hour. It also introduced overtime pay for over 40 hours a week, restricted child labor, and provided equal pay for equal work, regardless of gender, age, religion, etc. Some state laws provide for a higher minimum wage, and companies that do business with the state also grant a higher minimum wage, subject to the Public Contracts Act.
insurance payments as well as standard packages, which include those for United States and the profit rate is more generous pension plan. As these lines are written, there is a huge change in the health insurance: as the value of insurance policies increases, employers reduce their contributions. At the same time, the state’s health reforms require employers to pay eighty percent of their employees’ health insurance. It is necessary to read thoroughly about the health insurance of each agreement. Most employers also have life insurance as part of their side-payment packages. Retirement is also governed by employer-funded state regulations and arrangements made by the employee and employer in a certain amount. Temporary and periodic employees can not benefit from the companies’ retirement programs.
Company vehicles are given to employees only if they are very necessary for the job. This is true even for senior managers.
Working Hours, More And Holidays
USA full time hours are the people who work the most in the developed world, and it is said that close to half of the workforce suffers from work-related stress. In the mean time, USA work fifty hours a week.
The holidays are also much shorter than in Europe. The standard annual leave is two weeks, as well as national and provincial holidays. This situation is very contradictory in Europe and Australia, which is five weeks a year. The right to leave in the US increases compared to the number you work for.
The Escape magazine estimates that USA spend only 9.6 days a year, and a typical USA couple is working 500 hours more since they are 1980 in the year. As a result, pressures are increasing in order to make arrangements for this system to allow USA to devote more time to family life. Negative effects of overworking at the beginning can be discussed. It is thought that this debate will continue as a growing cultural response to extreme demands made by work life and career over the next five years develops and a higher quality of life is measured not only as income and promotion.
The plant is open from 8 am to 4:30 pm in the morning and 8.30 am to 5 pm in the offices. Overtime starts after 40 hours a week, but some trade unions have been paid overtime for 35 or even 30 hours. Blue-collar workers can often get paid overtime or compensation, this sector depends.
You will see that the working hours vary because there are many different time zones within the country. Growing up at the opening of the New York Stock Exchange in banking and financial services and in the stock market means starting at least an hour early on business day in the west.
Trade union membership in the manufacturing sector has fallen over the last 10-15 years and membership of federal and state-based public administration associations has increased. In 1983, 20.1% of the workforce was union members while the same rate today is 13.5%. while 37.4% of the public employees are union members and 9% are in the private sector.
Trade unions in USA are organized locally. Members of “The Places” work in the same industry or in the same company (which results in representation of many areas in a locality). Locals are members of the national union (such as the United Automotive Workers) and most of the national unions are somehow related to the USA Workers’ Federation and Industry Organizations Congress (AFL-CIO). It shifts from the balance of power to the larger national union.
The problems are usually solved not by strikes but by collective negotiations between the local union and the employer. Collective bargaining agreements between employers and trade unions generally do not have greetings, and clear and robust rules have been put in place to address workers’ problems. Since such measures are taken, the strike is not much.
In unionized industries, a spokesman is accepted on behalf of every member who is a trade unionist, and he has the right to be represented if he wants to communicate the matter to the governing body.
Employers have the right to form, join and strike. Laws vary from state to state: for example, it is forbidden to operate only union members in some states.
There is no legal requirement to contract the employees of the company, but usually an agreement or contract is made. If you have been sent to the US with your current job, you should keep an eye on your contract. You should remember that the following issues are subject to different treatment in the United States and that your business contract must be related to them:
Sick leave: employees are entitled to paid leave every year on a number of days (usually six) on the pretext of illness. This is a legal obligation, but every extra payment the company will give to the contract must be specified in detail.
Health insurance: you must make sure that your company insures and that it meets your needs.
Housing Allocation and Lifetime Allocation (COLA): USA workers who work outside their states usually receive a reward to cover their extra costs. Sometimes this can cost a couple of days to stay in a hotel. If your company if you are going to the US from United States should meet your moving and transportation costs.
Term of termination: Under federal law, employers must give written notice at least 60 days before leaving the workplace, without closing the factory, etc. There is no other specific responsibility for termination, but your contract must have a notice period (usually one to three months) that both the employee and the employer must comply.